Regular spending on your credit card in a foreign country can sting you in ways you might not even know about.
Who doesn’t love a good overseas holiday? Whether its the USA, the UK or a more off-the-beaten-track destination like Lithuania, the Maldives or that strange land called New Zealand, we Aussies love to explore.
In August 2018 alone, over 950,000 residents left the country on a short-term basis, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Over the past 12 months, there were more than 12 million of these overseas trips.
With so many of us travelling, we’re spending a lot of money in foreign countries, incurring large fees in the process. At the request of the Government, in October 2018 the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) announced it was investigating foreign transaction fees.
According to the ACCC, we collectively pay $2 billion of these fees every year through currency exchanges, money transfers, travel money cards, debit cards and credit cards.
The watchdog estimates that an Australian banking customer spending $5,000 on their credit card overseas can expect to pay $140 in foreign exchange transaction fees.
Credit cards can charge a variety of fees for different transactions made overseas, the main ones being:
- Currency conversion fees
- ATM cash advance fees
To help you prepare for your next trip and save money while you’re there, we’ll run through these fees, how you can avoid them, and whether a credit card is truly the right option for spending overseas.
Currency conversion fees
Let’s say you were still going to America and spend a total of $5,000 Australian (at your credit card’s marked-up exchange rate) while you’re there. You buy everything with your credit card, but at the end of your trip you discover that you actually spent $5,150. Unbeknownst to you, your credit card had a 3% currency conversion fee on it, which is the fee charged for converting your money from Australian dollars to facilitate the transaction. It doesn’t even have to occur overseas either – online shoppers in Australia can get with a currency conversion fee when buying overseas goods.
In today’s market, the going rate for currency conversion fees is typically between 2-4%, although there are a growing number of cards that are now charging 0% on foreign purchases. A card with a 0% currency conversion fee can therefore lead to some decent savings over the course of a trip if you plan to do most of your spending with a credit card.
Let’s do some simple calculations to see how much of a difference higher currency conversion fees can make. The highest currency conversion fee in the market at the time of writing (October 2018) is 3.65%.
|Amount spent on credit card||0%||2%||3.65%|
Cash advance and ATM withdrawal fees
Cash advance fees are usually worth about 2-4% of the transaction or a flat dollar fee as high as $5.50.
On top of the cash advance fee, you may also encounter local ATM withdrawal fees – the fee set by the individual ATM network. These fees are specified by the ATM itself before you make any withdrawal.
Remember: ATM withdrawals can still get hit with a currency conversion fee in addition to the cash advance fee. If your card has a 2% charge on both, then you’re up for 4% on that withdrawal.
Of course, don’t forget about the cash advance rate. This is the interest rate charged on credit card cash withdrawals from ATMs, which can often be higher than the purchase rate on the card (usually around 19-22% p.a.).
So all up, a simple ATM withdrawal with a credit card could see you hit with three different costs: a cash advance fee, an ATM withdrawal fee and the cash advance interest rate. So think twice before using your credit card to withdraw cash overseas!
Source: The Checkout (Youtube)
Should you use a credit card for travel?
Two alternatives to using a credit card overseas are debit cards and travel money cards:
Debit cards for travel
Just like a credit card, debit cards can be used overseas, but also usually charge fees for currency conversions and overseas ATM withdrawals.
The typical currency conversion fee on debit cards is 2-3% (although some charge as much as 3.65%) while the fee for overseas ATM withdrawals is often $3 to $5 (on top of the currency conversion fee).
There are actually a number of debit cards in Australia these days that don’t charge ANY fees for overseas ATM withdrawals, purchases or currency conversions. Such cards are cherished among budget-conscious explorers.
Compared to credit cards, debit cards can provide travellers with a greater sense of control over their money. There’s less temptation to overspend because you can only spend what you’ve got, unlike a credit card where you can spend up to the credit limit.
But debit cards typically offer less protection from theft and are less convenient for pre-authorisations on hotels and car hires. Also, most of them lack the travel perks that many credit cards have, such as complimentary travel insurance, airport lounge access or a rewards program.
Travel money cards
Travel money cards are prepaid cards that allow you to load up cash and lock in an exchange rate before leaving. You can also load more than one currency on, making them handy for cross-continent trips.
Prepaid travel money cards have wildly different exchange rates depending on who you go with, but on the whole, travel money cards generally have exchange rates that are worse than credit and debit cards, often by 4 to 5% according to The Checkout.
The exchange rate margin is one of the main ways these cards make money, and some of them will charge exorbitant rates.
At today’s (6 November 2018) mid-market, or wholesale, exchange rate, $AUD2,000 is worth $US1,442. Loading this same amount onto various travel money cards would often get you less than $1,400 USD.
You can see some slight differences between the rates offered, but each card is a fair way off the mid-market exchange rate. The dollar difference will only get bigger the more you load, too.
Travel money cards may also charge the following fees:
- Application fees: charged for initially ordering the card
- Top up and reloading fees: if you run out of cash you might have to pay up to $15 to put more on.
- Inactivity fees: Not using the card for a month could lead to an inactivity fee as high as $4.
Savings.com.au’s two cents
Fees can make a big difference when you spend money overseas, and you might not realise it until it’s too late. Let’s take a look at how all of these fees on credit cards can add up for a hypothetical traveller: let’s call her Jessie.
|Jessie is going on a month long holiday to Japan as it’s ski-season and there’s some powder to be shredded. She already has a credit card and feels it should be good enough to use there, so she doesn’t bother to look at the fees she’ll be paying and whether there are other more suitable cards available.
Her fee structure is:
Since Japan is mostly cash-based, she doesn’t make too many credit card purchases there, but still ends up spending about 80,000 Yen ($1,000 AUD) with it. She also makes two bulk withdrawals of about 160,000 Yen ($2,000 each).
She thought that was all there was to it, but she nearly fainted when she opened her next credit card statement to see the following charges on there:
So her final bill for the holiday actually ends up at $5,245 plus the interest on the cash advance, which could end up being a couple of hundred to several thousand extra depending on how long it takes her to pay it off.
Our hypothetical person here could have saved herself a fair bit of coin if she just took the time to think about the card she needed. Given that she was going to a mostly cash-based country, it probably wasn’t a good idea to use a credit card for all of her ATM withdrawals. Instead, it might’ve been better to use a debit card with low currency conversion and withdrawal fees – you can’t be charged interest on a debit card as you can only spend the money you currently have.
Ultimately, you don’t have to stick with the one product. You can use a combination of credit, debit and travel money cards to get the best of each. For instance, you could have:
- a debit card for your overseas ATM cash withdrawals and general spending,
- a credit card for pre-authorisations and special features such as complimentary travel insurance and airport lounge access, and
- a travel money card for storing some of your travel budget in the foreign currency you’ll primarily be using, in case the value of the Aussie dollar plunges while you’re travelling.