You have probably seen a lot about the importance of having life insurance in Australia for you and your loved ones. Here is a quick summary of the main types of life insurance available in Australia.
1. Life insurance
Death or terminal illness results in a lump sum being paid to immediate family members such as your children or spouse. This money will go towards any debts, paying the mortgage and your children’s education amongst other things. Grieving over the loss of a loved one is stressful enough without the added worry of having to make sure that the remaining family is financially secure.
2. Total and Permanent Disability Insurance (TPD)
A permanent disability that prohibits you from working will result in a lump sum payment to assist with medical bills, debts and to help you in maintaining the same lifestyle prior to your disability.
There are three main types of TDP insurance:
- Own Occupation TDP: The applicant is permanently unable to work within their occupation.
- Any Occupation TDP: The applicant has been rendered unable to work within any occupation that they are qualified to work in.
- Non – Occupational TDP: The applicant is incapable of carrying out two out of five activities necessary for daily living.
The maximum amount of cover typically available is between $3-$5 million, but it is important to check this with your insurer.
3. Trauma Insurance
A lump sum is paid out if you become a victim of an illness such as stroke, cancer or a heart attack. The money will enable you pay for any unexpected financial burdens, additional treatment or a carer.
There are sometimes exclusions associated with trauma insurance, but it is important to check your policy in detail. For example an insurance company will not make payment if:
- Trauma occurred as a result of self infliction such as suicide.
- Trauma occurs from a condition that is not stated within the policy.
- The trauma is temporary.
4. Income Protection Insurance
If you become incapacitated due to an injury or an illness rendering you unable to work, income protection insurance will support you with usually up to 75% of your present income. It will provide you with cover over a certain period of time. If you suffer from a prolonged or permanent disability, you may even be entitled to payment up until the age of 65.
Restrictions: There are several restrictions associated with this type of insurance:
- Usually, the deferred period is a minimum of 4 weeks and can run up to 52 weeks. As the deferred period increases, the premiums decrease.
- There are several exclusions that can lead to non payment. If an injury or accident arises from alcohol or drug abuse, self-harm pregnancy, war or a criminal act. Again it’s worth checking your individual policy in detail.