How to Make a Superannuation Contribution

It’s important to start saving for your retirement as early as possible. Personal super contributions are what you contribute to your superannuation from your net salary or after-tax income. If you’re employed, these contributions are added to your super alongside from the compulsory super contributions from your employer.

In this article, find out how to make a superannuation contribution:

  • Make sure you have your Tax File Number (TFN) as your super fund needs it to accept your personal super contributions.
  • Remember the date: June 30 every year. Your personal contributions must be in your super fund so you can receive a government co-contribution for that financial year.
  • You don’t have to make your personal contributions at one time, you can make payments throughout the financial year. You can use a superannuation calculator to give you estimates on the amount of contributions.
  • Most funds provide several options to make a payment including direct debit, through your bank account and BPAY.
  • You can also make super contributions regularly into your super account from your net salary. However, if the contributions are from your before-tax salary, these are called salary-sacrificed contributions.

Relying on employer contributions alone will not be sufficient to keep your lifestyle up once you stop working.

The good thing is, there are ways to boost your super:

  • You can make concessional super contributions. If you are employed, you can discuss with your employer a portion of your pre-tax salary that can serve as an extra contribution, also called a salary sacrifice.  Concessional super contributions are limited to $25,000 per financial year, which means that the total salary sacrifice contributions must not be more than $25,000 annually.
  • You can also make non-concessional super contributions. All you have to do is deposit money directly into your super. Unlike the salary sacrifice where payment is done before your salary is taxed, the non-concessional contributions involve money where tax is already paid.
  • If your salary is less than $51,813 per year before tax and you make super contributions after tax, you can boost your super with government co-contributions. For every $1 contribution, the government will contribute 50c, and the maximum co-contribution is $500 if your salary is less than $36,813.
  • If you are self-employed or have varying work patterns, you can claim tax deductions from your personal after-tax super contributions.
  • If your salary is $37,000 or less, you may be eligible to get a low income superannuation tax offset of up to $500 every year from the government. This is the 15% of the concessional contributions from you or your employer during the financial year.

Do you have other ideas on superannuation in Australia? Share your insights in the comments section.

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Ways to Judge Your Super Fund’s Performance

Superannuation in Australia is a form of investment. Some believe that it is just a single asset but in reality, a super is composed of several asset classes where you’ll find your investment options. We’re talking about your hard-earned money, so it only makes sense to check your super’s performance. By knowing ways to judge your super fund’s performance, you’ll be able to assess and decide if you need to make some adjustments to ensure better returns.

The performance of your super changes every year. While it will grow for the long term, you may see low and/or negative returns. So how can you judge your super fund’s performance?

Here are some ways to judge your super fund’s performance:

  • Performance of your super can be hard to determine, but try to look for a reasonable one. For instance, there’s no use choosing the top performer for next year just by looking at the data from the previous year.
  • Check figures from the last five years. It’s not that useful to check the super’s performance from the last 12 months. This is a long-term investment, so it’s better to check the performance for a longer duration. Bear in mind that the performance of your super from the previous years will not guarantee the same performance in the coming years.
  • The performance of your super is affected by the investment options available as well as their risk profile. Also, it will have an impact to your final balance of your superannuation and how much your money will be upon retirement.
  • Use a superannuation calculator. This tool is commonly used to know how much money is needed for your super fund. Bear in mind, however, that this should only be treated as a guide. Since there are several factors that affect the performance of your super, the superannuation calculator can only provide estimated figures.
  • Compare similar existing investment options. For instance, make sure to compare similar funds, instead of comparing cash investment options with international shares. Look at where the fund is invested in. Don’t compare the performance in shares versus performance in cash and fixed interest.
  • Use the same period for each fund, or same start and finish dates. For instance, the performance of your fund for the last five years from January to January is not the same as the performance from April to April.

Do you have other ideas on how to judge your superannuation in Australia? Share your insights in the comments section.

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10 Facts About Your Superannuation Entitlement

A lot of people plan for their retirement as early as possible because in this way, time is on their side, meaning they have more years to save up and have a comfortable life upon retirement. In Australia, employers pay superannuation contributions on behalf of their employees to a super fund.

Here are other facts about your entitlement to superannuation in Australia:

  1. Your employer should make superannuation contributions that are the equivalent of 9.5 percent of your ordinary time earnings. This is the superannuation guarantee based on annual entitlement.
  2. You will be eligible for superannuation guarantee if you have a monthly income of at least $450.
  3. If you are under 18 years of age, you still need to have a monthly income of at least $450 and work at least 30 hours.
  4. Starting 2013/2014 financial year, individuals who are 70 years of age and older are eligible for superannuation guarantee.
  5. You should pay the superannuation guarantee at least every three months. Your employer must pay the super entitlement to your super fund at least every quarter. If this is not the case, you can file a complaint at the Australian Taxation Office.
  6. There’s a maximum contributions base for those who have a high income. Those who are earning a huge amount of money will have a cap or limit to their superannuation guarantee. For the 2017/2018 financial year, the super contributions are the equivalent of 9.5 percent of your ordinary time earnings, but only up to a yearly cap of $211,040.
  7. Understand your remuneration package. You should ask your employer if your salary includes your super, or if it is calculated after super.
  8. Know the salary sacrifice arrangements. When you’re starting with a new job, make sure to understand the salary sacrifice rules and negotiate carefully. You may end up with the employer cutting your superannuation guarantee because of your salary sacrifice arrangement.
  9. Self-employed individuals can still get superannuation guarantee.  You can receive contributions and still have your super contributions tax-deductible, when you’re self-employed for the 2017/2017 financial year.
  10. Contributions count towards the concessional cap. The superannuation contributions made by your employer count towards your concessional cap before tax.

Here are several things that you need to know about superannuation. You can calculate how much money you need upon retirement and how much should be added to your super fund on a regular basis by using a retirement calculator.

Do you have other ideas on superannuation in Australia? Share your insights in the comments section.

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A Step-by-Step Guide to Comparing Your Superannuation Fund

For most people, it is essential to start retirement planning as early as possible. This gives them leverage in terms of comparing different superannuation products, and that time is their ally in growing their funds. But with several aspects to look into, how do you compare super funds and choose the right one for you? Here’s a step-by-step guide:

Step 1: Know the various funds available

In general, if you’re an employee, you can join a super fund through your employer. But you can also do it as an individual. The advantage of being a member of a group is that the fees are lower. Also, your super may have more growth potential than if you join as an individual.

Step 2: Collect personal data

Know your current account balance, level of contributions made during the year, investment options and returns, all fees that you pay, as well as insurance cover. You can get this information from your annual member statement. You can also gain access to these details when you register on your super fund’s website. It may likewise help to use a superannuation calculator, though the results may only be used as your guide. 

Step 3: Check the insurance

Do you have insurance cover on your existing fund? If yes, then make sure if the other fund that you’re considering offers the same type of cover or not. Look into whether you can maintain your insurance cover and for what premiums.

Step 4: Look into investment options

It is important to look into investment options and their performance because at the end of the day, you want to invest in something that offers better growth potential. Check if the fund has a solid investment strategy that’s based on expert analysis, and that you can change options later on with little to zero cost.

Step 5: Know the fees involved

The fees that you need to pay will have an impact on your investment returns. While there are fees to be paid occasionally, be wary about ongoing fees that are being deducted from your fund on a yearly basis. In general, check out all fees that are deducted from your contributions.

Step 6: Seek professional advice

Managing your super fund is a serious matter. Know and understand how it works to get the most out of your super. It also pays to seek help from a qualified individual so you will better understand aspects such as the amount of contributions, type of insurance that you need, fees involved, as well as the investment option that suits your needs and preferences.

Got other ideas on superannuation calculator and retirement planning? Share your tips in the comments section.

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Different Types of Super Funds

How much do you need to live comfortably upon retirement? When it comes to planning for retirement, you can ask an expert for superannuation advice so you can better understand the process. You can also use a superannuation calculator to give you an idea of the amount you need to contribute regularly for your super fund.

Retirement planning can be done as early as possible. There is a wide selection of super funds to choose from, so don’t be tempted to get the first one that you’ll see. Each type has its own features, and knowing your options can make the selection process easier. Here are the different categories of super funds:


If you’re employed and you haven’t chosen your own super fund, your employer will pay contributions to your MySuper. It offers lower fees options when it comes to single or life stage investments, and life insurance on an opt-out basis. MySuper also has simple features wherein you don’t have to pay for services that you don’t need.

Retail funds

Banks and investment companies operate retail funds which offer a lot of investment options.  These are normally accumulation funds which can range from low-cost or MySuper up to high cost.

Industry funds

These are usually low to mid-cost funds, though some offer MySuper accounts. Unlike retail funds, industry funds have a smaller number of investment options. Most of these are accumulation funds. However, there are several older funds that have defined benefit members.

Self-managed super funds

For those wanting to manage their own superannuation, they usually do this via a self-managed super fund (SMSF). It is regulated by the Australian Taxation Office. This private super fund can have up to four members who are all trustees and are in-charge of making sure that the SMSF complies with laws associated with it.

Public sector funds

These are designed for employees of the departments of the Federal and State government.  This super fund offers low fees and a modest range of investment options. Some also offer MySuper accounts. New members of public sector funds are in an accumulation fund, while long-term members have defined benefits.

Corporate funds

Employers run corporate funds which offer a range of investment choices. These are usually low to mid-cost funds. Most members are into accumulation funds, while the older corporate funds come with defined benefit members.

Got other ideas on superannuation in Australia? Share your tips on retirement planning in the comments section. 

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Is Self Managed Super Fund (SMSF) Right for You?

Even when you’re still young, planning for retirement as early as possible is important. This ensures that you’ll be financially secure after you retire. Some people want to manage their own retirement plan or superannuation. It is referred to as self managed super fund (SMSF). While there are many benefits of handling your own retirement fund, there are also several factors that you need to consider.

Is SMSF suitable for you? Here are some things to think about:

  • If you’re considering to control your super to get the most out of your money, be prepared to invest time and effort so you can properly manage your super. You can get assistance of course, but you’ll be in full control of your retirement plan.
  • You should have at least $300,000 for your self managed super fund. You also need to consider the ongoing costs associated with operating an SMSF. These include Australian Taxation Office (ATO) fees, investment fees, as well as annual tax return and audit. You can use a superannuation calculator to give you an idea on how much you need to have.
  • If you’re planning to go overseas for a longer period of time, make sure to seek professional advice. Follow the rules and regulations being implemented by the ATO when it comes to extended leave from Australia. Otherwise, you may have to pay large penalties.
  • Come up with an exit strategy. Since you’re in full control of your SMSF, you’re also in-charge of setting up an exit strategy in the event that you need to close your SMSF. Bear in mind that there are costs involved in closing your fund.
  • There are specialist support providers who can help you in managing your SMSF. Support services are available to assist you with regards to administration and compliance of your fund. Whenever you need someone along the way, you can likewise reach out to an independent auditor or accountant.

These are just some of the things to take into consideration when it comes to self managed super funds. Planning for retirement really does come with a lot of considerations. Take time to do some research and look at your superannuation options. You can also seek retirement advice from family members and friends so you can come up with a well-informed decision.

Got other ideas on self managed super fund and retirement planning in Australia? Share your insights on retirement plans in the comments section.

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Superannuation: 5 Things to Consider

It’s very easy to just let your employer put contributions into your super fund, check the annual report from your super fund each year and leave it at that until you retire.  However, keeping an active eye on your superannuation, learning some superannuation basics in Australia and using some hidden superannuation tips can boost your super savings and give you a better standard of living in retirement.

Here are 5 ways you can boost your super and transform your financial future:

  1. Check how much you are paying in fees

Every superannuation fund manager charges you fees for running that fund. If your fund is charging more than one per cent of your account balance in fees you should reassess your fund against other competing funds to see if you would be personally better off moving your money. Fees may seem minor, but over 30 years they can have a huge effect on your eventual retirement benefit.

  1. Consider changing your investment options

Don’t just leave your money in a default investment option with your super fund. Look into the various options available within your fund. This is where you may need some financial planning advice. Depending on your risk appetite, will depend on your investment option for your superannuation fund. For example if you are conservative with your money and will get stressed out by volatile movements in your balance, then perhaps a more conservative investment option is for you. It’s worth exploring this with a good financial adviser.

  1. Consider changing your fund

If you are not happy with your fund or its performance you are able to change funds. This can be time-consuming but can be worthwhile. Look for a fund that shows strong past performance, charges reasonable fees and offers cost-effective life insurance and you could end up in a much stronger position than you would if you remained with your current fund.

  1. Make additional contributions

You can make additional contributions to your super fund up to a capped annual limit. Doing this can really boost your retirement savings.

There are two ways you can make these contributions: concessional (before tax) contributions and non-concessional (after tax) contributions.

Speak with your employer’s accounts department, your super fund or your accountant about how you can benefit from making extra contributions.

  1. Find your lost super

If you’ve held jobs in a variety of industries or have largely worked part-time, you may have money sitting in various superannuation funds. To find out if you have super you don’t know about to track it down for free. Once you have sourced any missing super contributions, roll them all over into your preferred super fund.

Final Thoughts on Superannuation

If you take the time and trouble to keep an eye on the progress of your super savings and follow the above hidden superannuation tips, you could be many thousands of dollars better off once you reach retirement age. Learning the superannuation basics in Australia is well worth while to boost your super savings and secure your financial future.

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Reasons Why Having a Hobby Saves You Money during Retirement

Many retirees in Australia fear of running out of money, and for good reason. By the time you retire, you no longer have paychecks but the bills will continue to come in. And if you didn’t prepare for retirement, you may not be able to live the life that you want after you stop working.

Having a hobby during retirement is one good way to save money – retirement money, that is! Whatever it is that you’re good at, be it arts and crafts, gardening, playing a musical instrument or pottery, you can use your hobby to generate income during retirement. With this extra money coming in, you will access your retirement funds less frequently which helps in saving money.

Another reason why having a hobby saves you money during retirement is that it keeps you busy and mentally active. It’s about doing something that you love rather than for practical reasons so you can change your lifestyle that suits you and even get a new outlook in life. With a hobby, you’ll have a relaxed, comfortable life, and this hopefully translates to a healthier you, with less hospital visits that can take a chunk off of your retirement fund.

Here are other things worth-knowing about retirement planning, superannuation, and saving money:

How much do you really need upon retirement?

There’s no definite amount, but several factors come into play, such as your lifestyle and anticipating some of your needs that can change over time. That is why it is important to start planning for retirement while you’re still working. You can also use a superannuation calculator to give you an idea of how much you need to live a comfortable life when you retire.

Start planning for retirement early.

A retirement plan is not something that most people think about when they’re young but in reality, it’s best to start a retirement plan as early as possible so you can have a lot of time to grow your superannuation in Australia and not worry about running out of money. Review your finances and assess your current situation – how much super you have, your assets, and possible income sources that can contribute to your retirement fund.

Get professional advice.

A financial adviser will be able to help you with retirement planning. He/She will also be able to give you sound advice on where to invest so your money will grow in value and keep up with inflation and other factors that can affect your savings.   

Do you have additional tips on retirement planning and superannuation? Share your ideas in the comments section.

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Top 8 Things People Do When They Retire

Run into retirement with some of these ideas of things to do when you stop working in Australia.

Retirement is your time to enjoy life and put energy into things you love. If you’re struggling to think of things to do that is normal.  To help here’s a list of the top 8 things people do when they retire:

Go on a holiday

Whether it’s a cruise, ski trip, winery tour, caravanning holiday, or backpacking through Asia, retirees love to travel. Now that you’re not bound to the work schedule, why not make the most of the great off-peak deals that come up.

Buy something

Making a big purchase is common during early retirement. Don’t go over the top and use up all the wealth you have accumulated over a lifetime. But, it’s generally better to do big spends early when you have lots of time to enjoy it.

Get a job

Yep, start working again! For some, retirement isn’t about ‘not working, but ‘not working for income’. Maybe you want to do something fun and different, transfer your knowledge to the next generation, or just hang out with people. Whatever the reason, going back to work on your terms is an option.

Join a group

Without the ready-made social interaction of the workplace, retires look elsewhere for the same sense of belonging. There no shortage of groups with all sorts of causes, aims or interests to join. There is literally something for everyone.

Start an old hobby

Getting back into an old hobby is a bit like catching back up with an old friend, and why it’s a popular activity during retirement. Hobbies don’t have to be new and edgy, focus on what you find enjoyable and rewarding, even if this is an old hobby.


Sick of the cold winters or busy city traffic? Now’s the time to move somewhere you want to be not where your work is located. You will be part of a growing number of retirees who choose to live where they want, not where a job is.

Commit more time to relationships

Retirement gives you time to put more effort into personal relationships; both family and friends. Doing so will help maintain meaningful social interaction.

Plan for the future

Retirement isn’t the end, but only the beginning. Like any other stage in life, some setting some goals and have a plan is critical. Why not use your retirement to achieve something great?

If you’re coming up to retirement age, use some of these ideas or use a superannuation calculator to get yourself thinking about how you will spend your retirement in Australia.

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What You Should Know about Superannuation Changes in 2017

On November 23, 2016, legislation to implement superannuation reforms passed the Parliament. This legislation aims to improve the superannuation system and make it more sustainable with better targeted tax concessions. It likewise increases the flexibility of the system in staying aligned with the changing work-life patterns of people in Australia. These reforms will take effect on July 1, 2017.

Here are several things that you should know about superannuation changes in Australia for 2017:

Legislating the objective of superannuation

This reform aims to provide income in retirement as a substitute or supplement to the Age Pension. Every bill or regulation related to superannuation should have a statement of compatibility to ensure that all proposed superannuation reforms are aligned with the objective of the system.

Introducing the transfer balance cap

A transfer balance cap worth $1.6 million will be introduced on the total amount of superannuation accumulated by an individual and can be transferred into the tax-free retirement phase, though future earnings on balances on this phase will not be capped. These can be in an accumulation account or outside the superannuation system and are taxed at 15%.

For those who are retired and whose balances are lower than $1.7 million by June 30, a transitional arrangement will apply. This means that starting July 1, they have half a year to make their balances under $1.6 million. Also, the transfer balance cap will be indexed and will grow. By 2020-21, it can reach up to $1.7 million.

Reforming the taxation of concessional superannuation contributions

From $300,000, the additional contributions tax (Division 293) will be lowered to $250,000. Also, the government will lower the annual cap on concessional superannuation contributions from $30,000 to $25,000. This is applicable for people who are below 49 years old at the end of the previous financial year.

Lowering the annual non-concessional contributions cap

The annual non-concessional contributions cap to $100,000 will be reduced. A new constraint will then be introduced, wherein those with a balance of $1.6 million and above will no longer be eligible to make non-concessional contributions. For those who are below 65 years old, they will be eligible to bring forward up to three years’ worth of non-concessional contributions.

If the balance of an individual at the start of the contribution year is $1.6 million and above, he/she will no longer be able to make non-concessional contributions. For those whose balances which are close to $1.6 million, they can access the years of bring forward so their balance becomes $1.6 million.

Transitional arrangements will be applicable for those who have not fully used their bring forward before July 1. If this is the case, the amount of the remaining bring forward will be up for a re-assessment on July 1 to determine the new annual cap. For individuals who are 65-74 years old, they are eligible for making annual non-concessional contributions of $100,000 if they work for 40 hours in a 30-day period for every income year, also called the work test. They will not be able to access the three years of bring forward of contributions.

Introducing the Low Income Superannuation Tax Offset (LISTO)

The Low Income Superannuation Contribution (LISC) will be replaced with Low Income Superannuation Tax Offset (LISTO). With this reform, individuals with taxable income reaching $37,000 will be refunded for the tax paid on concessional contributions of up to $500. This ensures that low-income earners do not pay more tax on superannuation contributions than their net pay.

Improving access to concessional contributions

All individuals who are below 65 years old as well as those who are 65 to 74 years old who meet the work test will be allowed to get a tax deduction for personal contributions to eligible superannuation funds up to the annual cap of concessional contributions.

 Allowing catch-up concessional contributions

Individuals who have a total superannuation balance of below $500,000 before the start of the financial year will be allowed to carry forward unused concessional cap space for up to five years. This will soon be helpful for individuals who took time out of work or whose income differs greatly from one year to the next.

Extending the spouse tax offset

The Government will extend the spouse tax offset to individuals whose recipient spouses have incomes reaching $40,000. This can help ensure that more couples will be able to support each other in saving for retirement. This superannuation reform will mostly be beneficial for women who have lower incomes and have lower balances in superannuation contributions.

Removing barriers to innovation in retirement income stream products

To encourage providers to have more retirement offerings, the Government will extend the tax exemption to deferred income stream products. This reform will help retirees in managing consumption and risk in retirement such as the longevity risk wherein retirees outlive their savings.

Improving the integrity of transition to retirement income streams

In this superannuation reform, the Government will eliminate the tax exempt status of income from assets which support TRIS. Instead, these will be taxed at 15%. This aims to ensure that the TRIS will not be used as a tax minimisation strategy. Under this reform, certain superannuation income stream payments will no longer be used as a lump sum for tax purposes. Income streams will be tax-free, or will be taxed at the marginal tax rate of below 15% offset of the individual.

Abolishing the anti–detriment rule

The anti-detriment rule that allows superannuation funds to claim a tax deduction for anti-detriment payments given to eligible dependents will be removed as it is obsolete and not aligned with other aspects of the tax law. The anti-detriment payment is an amount that is included in the lump sum death benefit which is paid to an eligible dependent. With this reform, there will be consistent treatment of death benefits in all superannuation funds. The lump sum death benefits given to eligible dependents will still be tax-free.

Streamlining administrative processes

The Government will implement measures to minimise the compliance challenges on taxpayers and superannuation providers. This reform will also make the system more efficient as it aims for fairness in procedures in dealing with the Commissioner. These are the measures to streamline administrative processes:

  • A single notice for all tax liabilities in a financial year will be issued to taxpayers by the Commissioner of Taxation. Having only one notice will make it easier for taxpayers to seek advice on all of their tax liabilities.
  • The compulsory obligation for superannuation providers will be removed. With this measure, individuals with defined benefit superannuation interests will no longer have to provide an individual end benefit notice to the Commissioner.
  • Align objection rights which are applicable to discretionary decisions by the Commissioner about non-concessional contributions with those which are applicable to discretionary decisions on concessional contributions. This measure corrects any inconsistency in the law, ensuring that individuals have the same objection rights when disagreeing with a discretionary decision by the Commissioner on non-concessional contributions.

Starting July 1, 2018, the current release authority arrangements will be replaced with standardised timeframes and processes. A default process will be introduced for those who want to undertake it or those who do not make an election when it comes to all release amounts from superannuation.

These are some of the things that you should know about superannuation  Australia for 2017. You may want to do more research to have a better understanding of these reforms and be guided accordingly.

Got any comments on the superannuation changes in Australia? You can share your ideas in the section below.

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