Residential construction could be a key sector in Australia's post-COVID-19 economic recovery, with a new report showing it is the second biggest driver of jobs in the economy.
The first targeted report from the National Housing Finance and Investment Corporation’s (NHFIC) new research unit found home construction has the second-largest economic multiplier of all 114 industries that make up the Australian economy, and that for every $1 million spent on residential construction, nine jobs are supported while three new ones are created.
The Building Jobs report, which draws on the most recent available data from the 2017-18 Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), found that $1 million of output in residential construction supports around $2.9 million worth of consumption across the broader economy.
NHFIC CEO Nathan Dal Bon said this meant that every new home built generated an average of three jobs throughout a range of industries, based on the average dwelling construction cost.
“Understanding how residential construction activity may affect jobs and flow through to the broader economy is increasingly important and timely, given the impact of COVID-19," Mr Dal Bon said.
Building a home? The table below features construction home loans with some of the lowest variable interest rates on the market for owner occupiers.
Base criteria of: a $400,000 loan amount, variable construction home loans with an LVR (loan-to-value) ratio of at least 80%. If products listed have an LVR <80%, they will be clearly identified in the product name along with the specific LVR. Introductory rate products were not considered for selection. Monthly repayments were calculated based on the selected products’ advertised rates, applied to a $400,000 loan with a 30-year loan term. Rates correct as at 01 July 2020. View disclaimer.
NHFIC's report notes that 134,000 people are directly employed in residential construction, and it contributes 5% to the annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
According to the report, this makes new home construction a "vitally important industry in the Australian economy in terms of its contribution to jobs and economic growth."
The timing of this report is worth noting, as in the past couple of weeks, major news regarding both residential construction and jobs figures has surfaced.
Yesterday, the ABS' latest unemployment figures saw a 0.7 percentage point rise in the unemployment rate to 7.1% in May, while the underutilisation rate, which combines the unemployment and underemployment rates, rose to a new record high of 20.2%.
"As heartbreaking as all of these stories are that are represented in these numbers, the sad truth is these numbers are not surprising in these circumstances," Prime Minister Scott Morrison said of the numbers.
"Our expectations, the Treasurer and I, together with our government, is getting these Australians back into work, to getting business doors open, to continue to give Australians the hope and confidence of the road back that we are charting together, as a government, together with other governments around the country."
One such way the government hopes to "get Australians back to work" is through the $25,000 HomeBuilder grant for new home builds and renovations, which it announced in early June.
The Prime Minister said at the time that the scheme aims to spark a 'tradie-led' recovery in the economy, which has just entered its first recession in 29 years.
“If you’ve been putting off that renovation or new build, the extra $25,000 we’re putting on the table along with record low interest rates means now’s the time to do it," Mr Morrison said at the announcement of the scheme.
“This investment isn’t just about helping Australians bring their dream home to life, it’s about creating jobs and helping support the more than one million workers in the sector including builders, painters, plumbers and electricians across the country.”
Whether HomeBuilder will help with this economic recovery remains to be seen, as it has attracted sharp criticism from various stakeholders who say it is too narrow in its scope, and won't cause enough homes to be built.
Final touches "add certainty" to HomeBuilder scheme
Another key criticism around HomeBuilder is the lack of certainty around key details.
However, yesterday the Federal Government updated the scheme's webpage with three more key refinements:
- Allowing the necessary time for home buyers to arrange their finance approvals, building approvals and meet other legal requirements before work is required to commence, rather than the fixed three month timeframe initially announced;
- Clarification that a sales contract for a home purchased off the plan will be eligible in the same way as a building contract, and
- Aligning the process with the current timing of payments for first home owner grants for new homes.
According to Kristin Brookfield, the Housing Industry Association's Chief Executive of Industry Policy, the addition of these extra details will clarify many of the questions builders and home buyers have been asking since the scheme was announced.
“The HomeBuilder grant has already boosted interest in buying a new home or carrying out a renovation project. Builders are feeling positive about the next six months of activity and equally important is the potential the scheme has to generate activity in 2021," Ms Brookfield said.
"The new details will make this interest even stronger.
“These updates will give greater certainty to home buyers and their builders about what projects potentially qualify for the grant.
“Recognising that a fixed three month timeframe to commence building work did not reflect how dependent home builders are on other players, like the banks, the councils and building certifiers, is extremely important and a welcome update."
Full details on the HomeBuilder scheme, including how to apply, can be found on the Treasury website.
The entire market was not considered in selecting the above products. Rather, a cut-down portion of the market has been considered which includes retail products from at least the big four banks, the top 10 customer-owned institutions and Australia’s larger non-banks:
- The big four banks are: ANZ, CBA, NAB and Westpac
- The top 10 customer-owned Institutions are the ten largest mutual banks, credit unions and building societies in Australia, ranked by assets under management in November 2019. They are (in descending order): Credit Union Australia, Newcastle Permanent, Heritage Bank, Peoples’ Choice Credit Union, Teachers Mutual Bank, Greater Bank, IMB Bank, Beyond Bank, Bank Australia and P&N Bank.
- The larger non-bank lenders are those who (in 2019) has more than $9 billion in Australian funded loans and advances. These groups are: Resimac, Pepper, Liberty and Firstmac.
Some providers' products may not be available in all states. To be considered, the product and rate must be clearly published on the product provider's web site.
In the interests of full disclosure, Savings.com.au and loans.com.au are part of the Firstmac Group. To read about how Savings.com.au manages potential conflicts of interest, along with how we get paid, please click through onto the web site links.
*The Comparison rate is based on a $150,000 loan over 25 years. Warning: this comparison rate is true only for this example and may not include all fees and charges. Different terms, fees or other loan amounts might result in a different comparison rate.
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