It’s every home buyer’s first thought – how much should I borrow for a home loan?
- How much can you borrow?
- What if you can’t afford a 20% deposit?
- What to consider before taking out a home loan
The amount a lender may be willing to let you borrow isn’t always the amount you should borrow. It’s important to take into consideration all your personal finances before making a purchase decision as borrowing more than you may be able to afford to repay in the future can lead to a really bad financial outcome.
How much money can I borrow?
When taking out a home loan, everyone’s existing and future financial situations are going to be somewhat unique – so let’s first take a look at what the lending industry thinks before investigating the additional factors that are likely to be applicable to you as an individual.
The lending industry indirectly recommends that people not borrow more than 80% of the property value through the general application of policies which enforce that borrowers pay for Lenders Mortgage Insurance (LMI) in order to be approved for a loan worth more than that.
Effectively, they are saying that buyers should have at least a 20% property deposit saved. A 20% deposit on a $450,000 house is $90,000!
Essentially, lenders are protecting themselves from a situation where:
- a borrower ‘defaults’ on the mortgage (unable to pay or ‘service’ the loan), forcing the bank to repossess the property AND
- the value of the property has fallen to be worth less than what’s owed on the mortgage
In this situation, the lender might not be able to fully recover what’s owed to it by selling the repossessed property – resulting in a loss for the lender.
Low rate home loans
Base criteria of: a $400,000 loan amount, variable, principal and interest (P&I) home loans with an LVR (loan-to-value) ratio of at least 80%. If products listed have an LVR <80%, they will be clearly identified in the product name along with the specific LVR. The product and rate must be clearly published on the Product Provider’s web site. Introductory rate products were not considered for selection. Monthly repayments were calculated based on the selected products’ advertised rates, applied to a $400,000 loan with a 30-year loan term. Rates correct as at 18 May 2020. View disclaimer.
Can’t afford a 20% deposit?
You may still be able to be approved for a home loan with a deposit of under 20% of the property’s value. For many lenders, the minimum required
But there are two things you should consider when applying for a home loan with a deposit under 20%:
- Lender’s mortgage insurance: Typically, borrowers that don’t have a deposit of at least 20% are required to pay for LMI, which can add tens of thousands to the cost of the mortgage, depending on the lender and what loan-to-value ratio (LVR) percentage you have.
- Guarantors: If you can get one of your family members to act as a guarantor, you may be approved for the mortgage without having to pay LMI. To be successful, the family member must be able to demonstrate either their own capacity to repay your loan and be willing to be liable for your home loan if you default on a payment or to put their own property equity forward as collateral.
How much should you borrow for a mortgage?
No matter which path you take with your deposit and securing a loan approval, it’s essential to calculate your personal finances to give you a better idea of just how much you should (not ‘could’) borrow. Here are five things to consider before taking out a mortgage.
1. Household income
When assessing your finances, ask yourself what kind of lifestyle you want. Are you single? Married? Have a baby on the way? Do you like designer shoes or do you eat out regularly? Ask yourself if you’re willing to make sacrifices and if so, where are you going to reduce your spending? Your household income is one of the first things a lender will look at when determining if you’re eligible for a home loan. If you can show a record or budget of your spending habits per week, this can help prove you’ll be able to meet the repayments required.
2. Credit rating
A credit rating, or credit score, is the next thing a lender will look at to determine how much a risk you are as a borrower. Many people don’t ever check their credit rating and are surprised when their application gets refused. It’s a good habit to check your credit rating once a year to make sure you’re either on the right track or working towards improvement.
3. Property price and value
The next thing a lender will assess is the type of property you’re interested in and what purpose you’re buying the property for. Is it an investment property or are you looking to live in the home as an owner-occupier?
Another important thing to consider is the value or potential future value of the property you’re purchasing. Are you buying a house, apartment or land?
These questions will all have an impact on your borrowing power.
4. Home insurance
Home insurance is designed to protect your property from damage caused by events out of your control. As your home is your biggest investment, it’s important you ensure you’re able to afford home insurance before applying for a home loan.
5. Other costs
Similar to home insurance, there are a number of costs (both upfront and ongoing) associated with buying and owning a property. A few of these include stamp duty, LMI (if applicable), home loan establishment fees, legal and inspection costs, council rates, water utility rates and general property maintenance.
Buying a home is a big decision and should not be taken lightly. Assessing your borrowing capacity is just one of the ways to determine how much you can borrow for a home loan, but working out how much you should borrow will always be a personal decision based on a raft of other individual factors including how much risk you can tolerate and how much you are willing to sacrifice to ensure that you can make the most of your valuable property purchase.
Frequently asked questions
1. Can I get a home loan for low income?
Home loans can be harder to get for people with low incomes but not impossible. While there is no such thing as low income home loans, you can boost your chances of being approved for a home loan by: co-signing with a partner, using a guarantor, living within your means by applying for a cheaper house, choosing a longer loan term (you'll pay more overall but regular repayments will be lower), and showing the lender a savings plan with expenses you can cut down on.
2. Can I get a home loan for single parents?
Getting a home loan as a single parent is hard but not impossible. Lenders assess household income, so only having one income instead of two will make it harder to get approved for loan. They'll also assume you'll have a harder time meeting monthly loan repayments. Lenders do see Centrelink payments and Government Childcare Benefits as income. Be realistic in what you think you can afford as a single parent when applying for a home loan.
3. Can I get a home loan for self-employed individuals?
Self-employed people might find it a bit harder to get a home loan due to a lack of financial records (payslips, tax returns etc.). Self-employed people can choose to apply for a low-doc home loan, which require less-documentation but may come with a higher interest rate and stricter lending conditions. When applying for a low-doc home loan, you'll still need to supply an Australian Business Number (ABN) and must have been self-employed for at least 12 months.
4. What are the requirements for a home loan?
Applying for a home loan can be a lengthy process, but you can speed it up by knowing what you'll need: a house deposit, a credit history, a stable income, a lack of debts, photo ID, bank statements and payslips, council rates for any other properties you own, and other documents such as the first home owners grant.
5. What is mortgage stress?
Mortgage stress doesn't have an 'official' definition, but it's commonly accepted that if 30% or more of your pre-tax income goes towards home loan repayments, then you are experiencing mortgage stress. This can place serious stress on people's finances. Recent studies have found as many as one-third of homeowners to be suffering from mortgage stress.
6. What are the mortgage options for first-time buyers?
'First home buyer home loans' don't technically exist, but there are certain home loans first home buyers should look for. These home loans will usually have: a lower interest rate; low, reduced or waived fees; flexible features and the option of using a guarantor. Plus, first home buyers have access to the First Home Owner Grant.
The entire market was not considered in selecting the above products. Rather, a cut-down portion of the market has been considered which includes retail products from at least the big four banks, the top 10 customer-owned institutions and Australia’s larger non-banks:
- The big four banks are: ANZ, CBA, NAB and Westpac
- The top 10 customer-owned Institutions are the ten largest mutual banks, credit unions and building societies in Australia, ranked by assets under management in November 2019. They are (in descending order): Credit Union Australia, Newcastle Permanent, Heritage Bank, Peoples’ Choice Credit Union, Teachers Mutual Bank, Greater Bank, IMB Bank, Beyond Bank, Bank Australia and P&N Bank.
- The larger non-bank lenders are those who (in 2019) has more than $9 billion in Australian funded loans and advances. These groups are: Resimac, Pepper, Liberty and Firstmac.
Some providers' products may not be available in all states. To be considered, the product and rate must be clearly published on the product provider's web site.
In the interests of full disclosure, Savings.com.au and loans.com.au are part of the Firstmac Group. To read about how Savings.com.au manages potential conflicts of interest, along with how we get paid, please click through onto the web site links.
*The Comparison rate is based on a $150,000 loan over 25 years. Warning: this comparison rate is true only for this example and may not include all fees and charges. Different terms, fees or other loan amounts might result in a different comparison rate.
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