Here are the main upfront and ongoing costs you should consider before buying property.
What costs are we looking at?
- Upfront costs
- Ongoing costs
Buying a home can be one of the best financial decisions you’ll ever make. You get to take control of your home, safe in the knowledge that as long as you pay your mortgage each month, you’ll have your own safe haven to live in while never having to worry about rental inspections, rent prices going up or risking your sizeable rental bond by hanging a picture on a wall .
For this incredible freedom, there are costs involved in buying a house to keep in mind – aside from the purchase price of course.
Upfront costs of buying a house
1. Lenders Mortgage Insurance
When it comes to your home loan deposit, the general rule that applies is ‘the higher the better’. A deposit which represents at least 20% of your purchase price is ideal, as it keeps you out of the costly lenders mortgage insurance (LMI) zone (80% LVR), which can add thousands of dollars to your upfront ‘transaction’ costs. Don’t forget, a higher deposit may also mean lower monthly payments through making it easier to negotiate a lower interest rate.
Variable rate home loans
Base criteria of: a $400,000 loan amount, variable, principal and interest (P&I) home loans with an LVR (loan-to-value) ratio of at least 80%. If products listed have an LVR <80%, they will be clearly identified in the product name along with the specific LVR. The product and rate must be clearly published on the Product Provider’s web site. Introductory rate products were not considered for selection. Monthly repayments were calculated based on the selected products’ advertised rates, applied to a $400,000 loan with a 30-year loan term. Rates correct as at 01 June 2020. View disclaimer.
2. Legal & Conveyancing Fees
Another cost that you’ll need to address as part of the purchase transaction is legal fees. These come in the form of having to pay for a solicitor or conveyancer to prepare the required documentation and be your go-between with the bank and the party that you are buying the property from. There will also be fees that you’ll need to pay for around registering both the land transfer and mortgage.
3. Stamp Duty
Stamp duty can be a huge expense and is often the most complained about cost when it comes to buying a property. The cost of stamp duty varies from state to state, as do the myriad of concessions that some state governments make for certain sections of the community such as first home buyers as well as different types of properties (eg. newly built instead of existing).
An example of stamp duty costs for an established home valued at $500,000 in New South Wales is over $17,000. Not all lenders will allow you to capitalise this cost into the mortgage, so you should expect to have to pay for this cost upfront in addition to your deposit.
4. Building and pest inspections
Building and pest inspections are a must for any property purchase. As the name suggests, they are designed to essentially check that there are no problems with the building itself or with the existence of pests which could cause substantial damage to your property (eg. termites). Inspections can cost anywhere between $400 and $800, and often you will be able to get the one professional to carry out both the building and pest components.
Not only is this service valuable from the perspective of providing a greater level of certainty on the condition of your property, it can also provide you with a bona fide opportunity to renegotiate on the price you may have already arrived at with the seller (in a private treaty situation – as opposed to an auction) due to the discovery of potential issues.
Price reductions are usually arrived at by quantifying what a reasonable cost of fixing the identified issue/s is likely to be. Once this is done, a seller can then either pay for and get the issues fixed themselves (and leaving the existing negotiated price the same), reduce the previously negotiated price down by the quantified amount (and leave it to you to fix the issues post-purchase) or they can risk the sale not going through by refusing to either fix the issues or reduce their asking price.
Buying your home is likely to be one of the largest financial investments that you will ever make, so inspections are a must for peace of mind.
Ongoing fees when buying a house
5. Local Council Authority Rates
Council rates are charges that usually arrive on a quarterly basis and are very specific to your own property. Different councils will have different methods for determining the cost of your property’s rates, but many are indexed against the land value. Some council rates include water supply, but over the past 10-15 years, many have been spun out on their own so that some people will get a separate quarterly bill for their land rates from their local council, while getting another bill from their local water authority.
Rates and water charges are not cheap! They will generally run into the thousands of dollars per year and definitely need to be factored into your budget to ensure you can meet them as well as maintain the repayments on your home loan.
6. Strata and body corporate
If you’ve purchased an apartment, unit or townhouse, you could be up for body corporate or strata charges. These generally cover the maintenance of the shared areas around the property, building insurance (note, this building insurance does not cover the contents in your apartment) and of course the administrative fees to run the body corporate / strata management (as it is often outsourced to a professional service provider who understands all of the details required to run a successful and compliant administration).
7. Home and contents insurance
Home insurance is vital for house owners. As the name suggests, it insures you against the damage or loss of the building and structures which make up your property. Again, the cost of home insurance can vary greatly from property to property, as well as from insurer to insurer, so be sure to research the market well and compare at least two to three policies on not only their price, but on the key features which differentiate them (i.e. accidental damage, motor burn out, claims excess, etc.).
Contents insurance can also be a very important thing to have as a homeowner. It generally covers all of the contents within your property including furniture, TVs, etc.
8. Regular maintenance & repairs
You’ll also need to budget an amount of money each year for regular maintenance and repairs on your property. These types of expenses tend to be pretty irregular but when they do occur, you often need to have the money aside to address them.
Maintenance can be things like painting your property (inside and out) and gardening (eg. getting a tree professionally trimmed if it has grown to a level that is causing issues).
Your ‘repairs’ budget can be for things like getting your hot water system fixed or replaced when it breaks down in the middle of winter.
There is no hard and fast formula for how much you should budget each year for repairs and maintenance, but it’s wise to put some money aside each week and consider it like a ‘sinking fund’ that you often see in body corporates where they plan together for future events so that they have the capability to deal with them when they occur.
Frequently asked questions
1. How much deposit is required for a home loan?
The amount needed for a house deposit varies, but you'll usually need at least 5% of the property's value, which is an LVR (loan-to-value ratio) of 95%. To avoid paying Lenders Mortgage Insurance (LMI) however, most lenders will require you to provide a deposit of 20% of the property's value.
2. Is lender's mortgage insurance a one-off payment?
Yes, lenders mortgage insurance is a one-off payment, paid during the settlement of the loan. It is not required to be paid regularly like your mortgage repayments, so you'll need to factor the lump-sum LMi payment into your budget before buying a house.
3. Is lender's mortgage insurance refundable?
Lenders mortgage insurance (LMI) is not refundable, at least not for loans settled after 2012. So if you switch to another lender or exit your home loan entirely, you won't be eligible for a lenders mortgage insurance refund. To avoid paying lenders mortgage insurance entirely, try to pay a deposit of at least 20%.
4. Can you put stamp duty on a mortgage?
Stamp duty is a form of tax applied on certain transactions, including the sale of properties. Its purpose is to cover the costs of changing titles and ownership details and is payable on nearly all home purchases.
5. Should I buy a house that needs a renovation mortgage?
Buying a renovation house is up to you, but if your home requires work you can apply for a renovation loan, or renovation mortgage. These loans cover a large portion of the cost of renovations, as well as the purchase price of a new home if you're buying from scratch. These loans function in much the same way as construction loans, as they allow you to draw down on funds as you need them throughout the various stages of renovation. They may only be available for larger renovations ($30,000 or more).
6. How much do I need to earn to buy a house?
How much you need to earn depends on the house you're buying. but you'll need to make and save enough money to pay both (1) the deposit, and (2) the monthly repayments and fees. You should generally earn enough money to avoid monthly mortgage stress. Mortgage stress is when 30% or more of your take-home pay is devoted to mortgage repayments. Use a home loan calculator to work out what your potential repayments could be, and whether you have a suitable buffer in your salary.
Savings.com.au’s two cents
By keeping these costs front of mind when you’re building your deposit to purchase your new home and making your plans around how you are going to service the loan, you’ll be in a strong position to determine your own luck and be much more in control of the way you move forward and build your future position.
The entire market was not considered in selecting the above products. Rather, a cut-down portion of the market has been considered which includes retail products from at least the big four banks, the top 10 customer-owned institutions and Australia’s larger non-banks:
- The big four banks are: ANZ, CBA, NAB and Westpac
- The top 10 customer-owned Institutions are the ten largest mutual banks, credit unions and building societies in Australia, ranked by assets under management in November 2019. They are (in descending order): Credit Union Australia, Newcastle Permanent, Heritage Bank, Peoples’ Choice Credit Union, Teachers Mutual Bank, Greater Bank, IMB Bank, Beyond Bank, Bank Australia and P&N Bank.
- The larger non-bank lenders are those who (in 2019) has more than $9 billion in Australian funded loans and advances. These groups are: Resimac, Pepper, Liberty and Firstmac.
Some providers' products may not be available in all states. To be considered, the product and rate must be clearly published on the product provider's web site.
In the interests of full disclosure, Savings.com.au and loans.com.au are part of the Firstmac Group. To read about how Savings.com.au manages potential conflicts of interest, along with how we get paid, please click through onto the web site links.
*The Comparison rate is based on a $150,000 loan over 25 years. Warning: this comparison rate is true only for this example and may not include all fees and charges. Different terms, fees or other loan amounts might result in a different comparison rate.
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